“Your beliefs and expectations have a greater impact on a student becoming employed or going to university than that student’s skills or disability” Meg Grigal, Think College, 2015
Becoming familiar with inclusive higher education
This section outlines the components of inclusive higher education. College is about more than academics. It also includes career preparation, socialization, and independent living. Inclusive higher education is designed to support students in all of these entities. Please note, as inclusive programs, these supports are run by each school. IN! advocates for the establishment of supports and provides some oversight, but does not provide direct services to students.
You can download an information sheet to share with families here.
The following list provides some places to read more about inclusive higher education. Click a title for the link:
Senate Bill 16-196: This bill outlines the parameters for inclusive higher education in Colorado.
IN!'s Inclusive Model page: Here we summarize admission requirements and program overview for each school.
Think College website: Think College is the national coordinating center for inclusive higher education.
Preparing students for college
There are many strategies and tips to prepare students with disabilities for college. Here we've highlighted some top tips based on national research as well as personal experience. The main things to keep in mind are 1) your beliefs have a great impact on the student (many students with intellectual disabilities are never asked if they've thought about going to college and 2) preparing for college goes beyond academic preparation - it includes social skills and independence.
1. Empower your student
Discuss disability: Support the student to learn how their disability impacts their life. Help them define the connection between the disability and the supports they may need in the future.
Engage the student in the IEP process: Through leading their IEP, students can begin to develop their self-advocacy. In addition, you play an important role in educating students and families about the college options that exist and directing them to resources to learn more. It is important for students to understand they will not have a case manager in college who helps them the way that you do (please note, students enrolled in inclusive higher education do still have someone who manages their case, but we want to encourage students to be as independent as possible). Click here for a list of IEP goals related to transitioning to college.
Connect the student to IN!'s resources: We have a resource pages developed for students to learn about preparing for college and the options available. Click here for the student page.
If there are other resources that would be of use to you and/or your student, please let us know.
2. Support the student in developing a repertoire focused on college
Relevant skills: Some of the top college readiness skills include: soft skills, communication skills, use of technology, time management, study skills, safety and appropriate behavior, and navigation and travel skills.
Assistive technology: Assistive technology is different at each institution. To provide students with the greatest choice, we encourage the development of general skills that are transferable between institutions. For example, teaching students to advocate for their own assistive technology need and developing competencies with free systems such as Google applications. Here is a checklist to help guide students to learn about what is offered at each school and inform what might be the best fit for them.
3. Involve others in supporting your student!
College tours: Advocate for the inclusion of students with disabilities in college tours or fairs held by your school and/or district.
Make connections within your school: Other professionals might not readily think to include students with intellectual disabilities. If your school offers college counseling sessions to students, advocate for the same for your students. Also consider what clubs, sports, or other extracurriculars might support your student to prepare for college.
Connect students to outside supports: Involvement in the community can help prepare your student for college. Think about connecting them to college and career counseling, community based experiences (i.e. internships, volunteer positions), or other organizations as needed.
4. Continue to advocate for inclusion
As an educator, you play a big role in your student's life. We thank you for taking time to read through this information and investing in inclusion.
Resources for the Classroom
Navigating the Transition from High School to College for Students with Disabilities (Grigal, Madaus, Dukes, & Hart, 2018) Student Resource Guide includes a college readiness assessment, college action plan, and college prep checklist. Download it here.
For students who benefit from audio-visual modalities, IN! has put together playlists on YouTube about students with intellectual disabilities attending college in Colorado and nationwide.
Inclusive higher education has many benefits
Work related benefits include greater work obtainment, higher wages, and increased job diversity
- Grigal, M., & Dwyre, A. (2010). Employment Activities and Outcomes of College-Based Transition Programs for Students with Intellectual Disabilities. Think College Insight Brief, Issue No. 3. Boston, MA: Institute for Community Inclusion, University of Massachusetts Boston. Download
- Migliore, A., Butterworth, J., Hart, D (2009). Fast Facts (1) “Postsecondary Education and Employment Outcomes for Youth with Intellectual Disabilities.” Think College Download
- Moore, E. J., & Schelling, A. (2015). Postsecondary inclusion for individuals with an intellectual disability and its effects on employment. Journal of Intellectual Disabilities, 19(2), 130-148. doi:10.1177/1744629514564448 Link to journal
- Papay, C., Trivedi, K., Smith, F., and Grigal, M. (2017). One Year After Exit: A First Look at Outcomes of Students who Completed TPSIDs. Think College Fast Facts, Issue No. 17. Boston, MA: University of Massachusetts Boston, Institute for Community Inclusion Download
Relationship benefits include having more friends to talk to and more opportunities to help someone else
- Butler, L. N., Sheppard-Jones, K., Whaley, B., Harrison, B., & Osness, M. (2016). Does participation in higher education make a difference in life outcomes for students with intellectual disability? Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 44(3), 295-298. doi:10.3233/jvr-160804 Download
When it comes to independent living, individuals with intellectual disabilities who complete college pathways are more likely to live on their own and rent their own home
- Ross, J., Marcell, J., Williams, P., & Carlson, D. (2013). Postsecondary Education Employment and Independent Living Outcomes of Persons with Autism and Intellectual Disability. Journal of Postsecondary Education And Disability, 26(4), 337-351 Download
Many other benefits exist! Check out ThinkCollege.net to learn more.
How can I learn more?
- See our College Options section
- Connect with IN!’s Outreach Coordinator to schedule a meeting or presentation in your district
- Depending on your field, this could be used as an opportunity for professional development hours.
- Check out the trainings and research summaries offered by Think College, the National Coordinating Center for inclusive higher education
- Attend a monthly webinar hosted by IN! Register here
Questions? Feedback? Contact us!
Shelby Bates | Education and Outreach Program Coordinator | firstname.lastname@example.org | 720-580-1277